Early Victorian policeman's truncheon

The handle is ringed which makes it easier to grip. It is painted with a crown at the upper end and the word constable. By the end of the 19th Century a constabulary in each town was mandatory. Truncheons were used to restrain offenders or self-defence.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Painting of a market house

Originally accessioned as a painting of Uxbridge Market House, but subsequent notes in a noteback cataloguing paintings, casts doubt on this. Until the 19th Century the prosperity of Uxbridge depended on its market.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Painting of W Marshall driving a horsedrawn carriage

Unframed oil painting of W Marshall driving a horse drawn carriage, dated 1883. W Marshall was the innkeeper of the Railway Arms in Vine Street. Originally a beer-house called The Swan. It was renamed The Railway Hotel in 1856.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Oil painting of New Inn Yard, Windsor Street, Uxbridge

Framed oil painting of New Inn Yard, Windsor Street, Uxbridge by Maud Ireland Button, pre-1914. Maud was born in 1877, the daughter of Alfred Button, grocer, of Uxbridge. Her brother, Howard S. Button, founded the Budgen grocery chain.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Metal billhook with wooden handle

Metal billhook with wooden handle, undated. The billhook is a traditional agriculture tool used for cutting shrubs and branches and it was once made by the local blacksmith. There are many types and the shape depends on which part of the UK it comes from.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

'Cheeseball' wooden bowling ball

Ten-pin bowling ball made of wood and with three nail heads in centre of either end. Used in a bowling alley in an Uxbridge inn, probably around 1860. The first bowling ball materials were made of wood, especially oak.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Watercolour of Cowley Hall

Framed and glazed watercolour of Cowley Hall, dated 1801. The house was rebuilt shortly after this picture was painted and finally demolished in 1929. Cowley recreation ground now occupies the site.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Wooden doll, circa 1850, wearing Welsh national dress

Wooden doll wearing Welsh national dress, circa 1850. Wearing a pink patterned dress, blue gingham skirt and red cloak, and a tall black hat. Separate brown and red striped skirt. Two detached legs covered in brown knitted stockings, one without a shoe.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian tin toy soldiers

Victorian tin toy soldiers in a box depicting the Battle of Weisenburg on the lid. The Battle of Weisenburg was fought on August 4, 1870, during the Franco Prussian War. The soldiers are in the uniforms of Prussian and French cavalry and French Zouaves.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian tin soldiers

Victorian tin soldiers in the uniforms of the Prussian cavalry, the French cavalry and the French Zouaves.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Model of John Gilpin

Mid-19th century model of John Gilpin, an 18th Century London drapper, celebrated by poet William Cowper in The Diverting History of John Gilpin, which is based on a story that Cowper heard from a friend.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Trap to catch small animals and vermin

A metal trap for snaring small animals and vermin, with closing jaws and attached length of chain. The prey animal was lured with bait placed near the jaws of the trap (situated on the right of the picture) before the trap was triggered.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Broad horseshoe

Broad horseshoe - a flat metal plate nailed to the base of a horse's hoof for its protection - this example is 4cm wide at its widest point. The game of horseshoes involved tossing horseshoes at a stake in the ground.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian school desk

Victorian school desk with hinged lid, inkwell with brass cover and metal legs, made by C E O M Hammer & Co - school furnishers. The Victorian classroom layout was designed with rows of desks facing the front, towards the blackboard and the teacher.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian school desk - pic 2

Victorian desks were small and wooden, as were the chairs. The lids flipped up and inside the desks were books, medals, certificates, dictionaries, atlases and pencil cases. Children would receive certificates and medals for good work and behaviour.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Northern Assurance Company fire-mark

The Northern Assurance Company was established in Aberdeen in 1836 and its brand was a lion. Fire insurance marks were lead or copper plaques embossed with the sign of the insurance company, placed on the front of the insured building.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Queen Insurance Company fire-mark

The Queen Insurance Company was established in 1857 and its brand was a portrait of the young Queen Victoria. Fire insurance marks were lead or copper plaques embossed with the sign of the insurance company and placed on the front of the insured building.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Embroidered sampler depicting Adam and Eve

Embroidered sampler depicting Adam and Eve and the serpent, the Tree of Life, cherubims and birds. This sampler was embroidered by Mary Barber Hodges at aged 15 in 1847.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Model cart

Mid-19th Century model of a two-wheeled cart with two barrels.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Doll, circa 1910, with ceramic face

Doll with ceramic face arms and legs, and long blonde hair, circa 1910. She is about 64cm tall and is dressed in a white broiderie Anglais dress, cotton socks and brown leather shoes. Probably made from bisque, the fashionable material for dolls.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

'Salute the Soldier Week' plaque - 1944

'Salute the Soldier Week' plaque with relief image of a soldier with a gun with fixed bayonet. These plaques were given as rewards to local councils by the War Office during World War Two for successful fundraising efforts.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Pair of domed mesh goggles

These domed mesh goggles were worn by inmates of Hillingdon Workhouse to protect their eyes when breaking stones. When it was built in 1728, those too old, too young or too sick to take care of themselves were taken into the workhouse in Lynch Green.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

School writing slate

School writing slate used circa 1905 at New Windsor Street Infants School. In Victorian times paper was very expensive, therefore school children wrote on slabs of slate, which were less expensive and more durable, with pencils made of soft slate.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

World War II stirrup pump

This stirrup pump was used by Air Raid Wardens and Fire Guards for fighting fires caused by incendiary bombs dropped by German planes. The pump was placed in a bucket of water and the handle pumped to draw up water.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Framed portrait of William Mallam

Framed oil painting by William Mallam an artist of Uxbridge nailed to a wooden panel, circa 1790. It is believed to be a self-portrait of the artist, who was alive in 1820 aged 70+.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

General Life & Fire Assurance Company fire-mark

General Life & Fire Assurance Company fire-mark. In the centre is a two-headed eagle and a shield bearing a lamb and flag. These lead or copper plaques embossed with the sign of the insurance company were intended as guides for fire fighters.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Framed oil painting of an Uxbridge yard - possibly Bell Yard

Framed oil painting of an Uxbridge yard, probably the Bell Yard by Maude Button, pre-1921. Bell Yard was situated opposite the Market house and roughly in line with the entrance to the underground station.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Mole trap with pincer-type action

Mole trap found at Kingshill Farm. This is one type of mole trap called the scissor jaw. Very easy to set, it works by grabbing the mole as it tries to pass. It is possible to see if a mole has been caught without removing the trap from the soil.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Quart milk bottle

Two pint (quart) milk bottle marked “G Sherwin 127, High Street, Uxbridge” within a crest. Sherwins' dairy was at 127 High Street from about 1880 to 1972.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Framed brass rubbing of a memorial to Editha Neudegate

Framed brass rubbing of a memorial to Editha Neudegate, consisting of an image of Editha Neudegate and a Latin inscription, dated 1444, from Harefield parish church.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian Minton floor tile

Victorian Minton floor tile removed from St Margaret's Church, Uxbridge during building works. Minton was a very famous Victorian tile company. In 1845, Minton took Hollins into partnership and the tile-making side of the business became known as Minton.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Collection of toy animals

Collection of 19 wooden toy animals, three bricks, 15 wooden letters and two wooden numerals (1 & 4), 19th Century. In Victorian times this would be a boy's toy. Victorian children, especially the poorer ones, did not have many toys to play with.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Candlestick from Harefield Place

Iron candlestick with an ornate wooden base, probably 18th Century, from Harefield Place. The ancient Manor of Harefield dates back to 1446 and was property of the Newdigate family. The old Manor house, Harefield Place, was burnt down in the 17th Century.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

World War II civilian gasmask

World War Two civilian gasmask. Marked “medium”. Displayed with cardboard carrying case labelled “Mary Berry - 1 Court Orchard”.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

World War II civilian gasmask

World War II civilian gasmask in a cardboard carrying case labelled Mary Berry - 1 Court Orchard. Gas was used in World War I, killing and injuring many soldiers. Before World War II started everyone in Britain was given a gas mask.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Print entitled 'The Prodigal Son, St Luke chap 15'

Series of coloured illustrations of different scenes of the parable of the prodigal son, surrounded by a moralising text beginning: A contented mind is an inestimable treasure... by William Stranson, Christmas 1834.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian brass postal scales

Victorian brass postal scales with a circular plate for the weights and a square plate for the letters with details of current postage rates. Circular depressions to hold the weights can be seen on the base.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Metal ale muller or beer/wine warmer

The pointed end was placed in the fire until the contents were heated. By 1750 there were 40 licenced alehouses in Uxbridge and two breweries, Harman's in the High Street at no 180 and Norton's at no 162.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Brass button depicting a horse's head

Brass button depicting a horse's head (as if racing) and whips around the border. Reverse reads 'Neat and modern sporting designs. Septr 1st 1841'. In the 18th century buttons were covered with a thin layer of gold leaf.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

White ceramic pint measure

Printed label reads “Pint – up to the coloured line [pink] inside the jug”. Marked “VR 32”. A large section has been broken off.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

19th Century pewter pepper pot

Pewter is a hard and durable metal alloy created from the amalgamation of tin, copper and lead. In Victorian times pepperettes were produced in a variety of forms some in the form of animals and birds. Many household items were made from pewter.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Early 19th Century sauce boat

Early 19th Century sauce boat decorated with blue and white willow pattern. The term Willow is applied in a general way to many of the copies of the blue-and-white porcelain imported into England from China during the last half of the 18th century.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Pair of Victorian ladies shoes

These biege shoes, which may originally have been white, have fabric uppers and were laced at side of ankle. The laces are missing.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Ninteenth Century brass coffee pot for one

Coffee's popularity spread to Europe during the 17th Century and coffee shops in London were in great numbers during the 17th and 18th Centuries. Coffee shops were often signposted with a wooden sign shaped to resemble a Turkish coffee pot.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Copper scoop with turned wooden handle

Copper grain scoop, circa 1820, engraved Uxbridge - Middlesex - 1820. Until the 19th Century Uxbridge was the major corn market for west Middlesex and south Buckinghamshire. This scoop was used to measure the amount of corn taken as toll.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian measuring jug

Victorian half pint measuring jug made of pewter. Pewter was used until the 19th Century in a series of affordable domestic objects, from simple plates to candle holders were all made of pewter, which was a long-lasting metal.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian carved wooden jewellery box

The upper part of the box is in two halves hinged to swing outwards revealing the lower section, with a purple silk lining. Victorians loved jewellery and ladies would keep their jewellery box on a chest of drawers in their bedrooms.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian bead work and embroidery sampler

Victorian beadwork and embroidery sampler. The design of the sampler depicts flowers in the centre and is surrounded by a border and fringing on two sides. The colours are much faded (shown by brighter colour of thread at the back of piece).

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian china lid

China lid, circa 1850. It is dome shaped and decorated with green vine leaves and grapes. An interest in nature and a widespread scientific interest in horticulture and botany made floral arrangements an important part of 19th Century decoration.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian wick trimmer

Victorian wick trimmer and snuffer with ornate handles. Trimming the wick at regular intervals (or before each burn) helped candles to be consumed evenly, thus extending the burning time. Candles were an important source of lighting in Victorian times.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

White cup and saucer

White cup and saucer with depiction of 'St Margaret's Church, Uxbridge'. Marked 'made for Chas. Hall, China Merchant, Uxbridge'. It is believed that Charles Hall's china business was the oldest in Uxbridge operating for nearly a century.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian, child's parasol

Victorian, little girls' parasol made of green and cream silk. The handle is hinged to fold in half. A parasol was considered as an essential part of ladies fashion in Victorian times and was the perfect protection against the sun for pale skin ladies.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian spectacles with small round lenses

The round metal frame and the nose bridge are made of one piece. Straight shafts with a ring at the end. Flexible case with side opening. This style of glasses with arms passing over the ears was developed in the 18th Century.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

19th Century brass spatula

19th Century brass spatula spoon used for stirring on the stovetop and scraping food out of bowls and pots. It was donated by Mrs G Treacher in 2002.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian flat iron with clover design

Ironing was usually work for a laundry maid and was not an easy task. Flat or sad irons were of various weights and were placed face-up in front of open fires on trivets, and they were used in pairs so that as one was being used, the other was heating.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Brass pastry jiggers and crimpers

Late Victorian pastry crimpers or jiggers. These tools used for pastry decoration were donated by F. Lurkins in 2002. These jiggers have one end fitted with a serrated brass wheel for cutting out pastry and the other end shaped to crimp the edge.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Milk bottle with wide neck

Large milk bottle with wide neck and top. Printed inside the outline of a cow is Moor Farm Uxbridge - W T Saunders - milk direct from the farm.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Fragments of 19th Century clay pipes

Many of these fragments of 19th Century clay pipes were found near the Pipemakers Arms in St John's Road, Uxbridge. Clay pipes were commonly used, and were thrown away after just a few smokes.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Box of tools for bullet making

Ninteenth Century bullet making tool box containing tools and 12 bullets. A engraved plate on the lid reads H W Dyson. The inside lid reads: E & W Bond sword cutlers and gun makers to Her Majesty's Honorable Board of Ordnance.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Tin of knife polish

Lid reads: “Wellington knife polish”. On the side the words “knife polish” surround a portrait of a man – possibly the Duke of Wellington – flanked by two lions. Beneath is marked: “Manufactured by John Oakey & Sons Ltd”.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian ceramic inhaler

Victorian ceramic inhaler with original mouthpiece and cork stopper. Underglaze transfer printed on the front Dr. Nelson's Improved Inhaler. The inhaler would be half-filled with boiling water, the remedy dropped onto a sponge and the vapours inhaled.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian sewing machine

Late Victorian sewing machine. Black with gold decoration. In 1851, the Singer sewing machine was offered for sale all over the United States, and within two years Singer was the leading manufacturer and marketer of sewing machines in the USA.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Portrait of David Roberts in fireman's uniform

Framed portrait, over painted photograph, of David Roberts in fireman's uniform. David Roberts died aged 79 on January 8, 1926. For many years he was a member of the the Uxbridge Volunteer Fire Brigade.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Iron trivet for a flat iron, with a wooden handle

Victorian trivets were made in many shapes and designs. Flat irons were heated on the iron hob of the kitchen range. When the iron maid needed to put the iron down she used the iron stand.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian ivory or bone glove stretchers

Ninteenth Century glove stretchers were made of several different materials. Wealthy ladies would have had glove stretchers which were made from materials such as bone and ivory. Less wealthy ladies would have had glove stretchers made of cheaper woods.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian long white kid glove

Victorian long white kid glove with three pearl-like buttons. Victorian ladies had many accessories: bags, fans, hats, mittens, muffs, parasols and gloves. It was fashionable to use kid leather (soft leather made from the skin of a young goat).

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

'The Dainty Muff Warmer'

Victorian ladies's muff warmer. This small earthenware bottle would be filled with hot water and slipped into the muff, a fur tube used by ladies to protect their hands from the cold. Men wore fur or wool mittens covered with leather.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Pair of brown leather child's boots

A pair of brown leather Victorian button up baby boots fastened with six buttons, circa 1870. They measure 14cm from heel to toe and are 5cm wide.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian small buttonhook

The earliest reference to button hooks dates back to the 17th Century. However, it was during the Victorian era that they became a useful everyday dress accessory. They were designed to help pull buttons through stiff leather on shoes and boots.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian visiting card case

Decorated with diamond pattern of mother-of-pearl and abalone shell. Inside there is nine compartments to hold the cards in blue material. Visiting and leaving cards was an important activity for the upper classes during the Victorian period.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian octagonal candle holder

Victorian octagonal candle holder on an octagonal base, 4cm high and 16cm wide, with a floral decoration in blue, yellow, brick red and green. Electric light, invented in 1809 by Humphry Davy, did not become widespread until the end on the 19th Century.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

White satin shoes with kid lining

Early Victorian white satin shoes with kid lining and decorated with satin rosettes. They were worn at the wedding of the donor's mother, Fanny Caroline Webster on April 14, 1877.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Ninteenth Century game pie dish

The white china inner dish held the filling, the darker outer dish and lid imitate pastry and are decorated with ferns and flowers. A three-dimensional dead bird forms the lid handle.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

19th Century Tinderbox

19th Century tinderbox with flint and steel. This box also incorporates a candle holder so that the candle could be lit and the flame retained. Inside is a steel which produced sparks to light tinder when struck against a flint.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian iron trivet

These round stands were placed over the fireplace to keep the food in the pots and kettles hot. They had an openwork design. From simple patterns in the 18th Century more elaborate designs began to appear in 1850. Donated by Miss Lucy Dunkley in 1980.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Brown leather wallet with chain

Brown leather wallet with chain and leather button hole to attach to belt belonging to Hales Bread Bakery, West Drayton.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Victorian cotton bag embroidered with flowers

Donated by Miss W Tinto in 1982. In Victorian times embroidery was practiced widely by ladies. From tea cosies to samplers, gentlewomen were encouraged to learn the art of embroidery.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Pair of Victorian butter pats

In the 19th Century butter pats were used to prepare butter ready for sale. The butter maker would use one of these thin tools in each hand and shape the butter into bricks. The inside of the pats was serrated to grip the butter and squeze out water.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Box containing a collection of saddler's tools

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Four dinner knives with bone handles

The blades are marked Gilles Uxbridge. The Gilles family manufactured high quality cutlery in Uxbridge from at least 1798 to 1954. Before 1798, Taylor's a cutler's shop already existed in Windsor Street.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Wooden toy animals

Part of a collection of 19th Century wooden toy animals, bricks, wooden letters and numerals. In Victorian times this would be a boy's toy. Victorian children did not have many toys to play with, especially poorer children.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Brass cowbell

Brass cowbell with clapper missing, undated. This cowbell is quite large measuring 24cm height by 15cm width. The earliest use of bells on animals dates back to the 15th Century when the cowbell was worn only by the best livestock.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Cylindrical tea caddy

Tea was introduced to England from China in the middle of the 17th Century, but it did not become widely available until the second half of the 18th Century. Tea caddies became a home accessory at the end of the 18th Century.

3.20pm Tuesday 9th September 2008

Rushlight holder

Rushlight holder set in a square wooden base. The jaws are opened by lifting upturned handle with ball end. According to the accession register, there was a bundle of rushlights included with this donation.

5.07pm Thursday 9th April 2009

Pair of home made skates

Pair of home made skates circa 1880. Shown at the Whitworth Exhibition.

5.11pm Thursday 9th April 2009

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